Primary Source Railroad Strike 1877

Burning of the Pennsylvania Railroad and Union Depot : Burning of the Pennsylvania Railroad and Union Depot, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 21-22, 1877. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Come to class prepared to answer the following essay question: “What factors led to the rapid development of the city in the late nineteenth century?” Feb 6 1. The Panic of 1873 is followed by several years of economic hard times. Primary Sources Gillam. An Analysis of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, the First Major Strike in the United States History PAGES 3. -Large crowds in Baltimore attacked the militia sent to break up the strike. The Pullman Strike of 1894 - Prof. Name_____ Primary Source Analysis: The Great Rail Road Strike of 1877. Some twenty-five years later, the state not only could claim more rail miles than any other in the Deep South but also had linked its major towns and created a new rail center, Atlanta. Stanford’s Beyond the Bubble. The Homestead Steel Works, located southeast of Pittsburgh , was an important segment of ^Andrew Carnegie's empire. Many Pasts (excerpts from over 900 primary sources) Digital Blackboard (web-based activities) Search Page See "Development of the Industrial US, 1870-1900" and "Emergence of Modern America, 1890-1930. o Strikers disrupted rail service from Baltimore to St. Haymarket Aftermath. upheaval was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The word of strike spread around the whole empire. Louis, non-railroad workers also abandoned city businesses, creating one of the nation’s first general strikes. Striking workers would not allow any of the stock to roll until this second wage cut was revoked. Additional Instructional Resources. American History 1877-1900, The Gilded Age & Industry Great for History 1302. This instructional packet uses newspaper articles from the nineteenth century to create a case study of a significant event in American labor history, the Railroad Strike of 1877, frequently referred to as the Great Strike. Beginning in 1879, he gained control of four western railroads, including the Union Pacific, which completed part of the transcontinental railroad, and the Missouri Pacific Railroad. o The strikers destroyed equipment and rioted in the streets of Pittsburgh and. United States Strike Commission: THE PULLMAN STRIKE:ITS CAUSES AND EVENTS PULLMAN'S Palace Car Company is in the market at all times to obtain all possible contracts to build cars. The second section explores the strike itself, which began on July 16, 1877, and quickly spread along railroad lines. The following document tells the story of this strike from the viewpoint of Allan Pinkerton, one of the founders of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. Find newspaper articles and clippings for help with genealogy, history and other research. Even 131 years after a Pittsburgh mob burned down a railroad station and 45 people died, historian David Stowell said it`s hard to imagine a labor dispute with similar destruction. In 1900 more than 80 percent of all workers farmed in open fields, maintained railroad rights of way, constructed or repaired buildings, or produced steel and chemicals. use complete sentences 2. Harper's Weekly reported on the progress of the transcontinental railroad throughout its construction. -This was a book about all of the strikes in 1877. primary sources related to slavery and efforts to end slavery. President Hayes sends federal troops to protect mail and quell the riots that take place in numerous cities as part of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. He retired from journalism to become superintendent of the San Francisco Mint, 1897-1907. Georgia's first railroad tracks were laid in the mid-1830s on routes leading from Athens, Augusta, Macon, and Savannah. The decline in the relative position of African Americans vis à vis organized labor can also be seen in the railroad industry. The Sun wrote the article in June 1977 during a period when the strike was about to begin and there were riots at Martinsburg. As they marched toward their train in Baltimore, violent street battles between the striking workers and the guardsmen erupted. Primary sources are also included (be sure to click on the paper clip and/or info icon on each item to find out more about it). Includes a set of primary source documents, classroom exercises, and suggested reading and viewing. It focuses on key episodes in American history: slavery, territorial expansion, the Civil War, the transcontinental railroad, the Indian Wars, immigration, the great railway strike, the Pullman strike, William Jennings Bryan, and how Americans adapted to. , 1887), pp. Mother Jones experienced many great personal tragedies during the first part of her life. The Great Strike of 1877 was one of the largest and most violent urban uprisings in American history. Railroad Strike of 1877 By Patrick Grubbs The first nationwide strike in the United States occurred in the summer of 1877 as rail workers and their supporters throughout the nation protested conditions under corporate control. Strike The Tent Tries Twitter I have decided to try this Twitter thing for a while and see if it helps bring readers to the site. Workers walked off the job in WV in protest; blocked passage of trains. After coal miners went on strike, Truman had the Department of the Interior take over the mines. In many ways, railroads provided the model for the new industrial economy: They required vast capital investment and relied on large management bureaucracies. - view article - nytimes. Not only did the company take on hundreds of new workers in place of the strikers, but total employment in the shops dropped. Samuel Tilden had carried the popular vote by more than 250,000 votes, and held 184 of the electoral votes. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 heralded a new era of labor conflict in the United States. given a descriptive reading of the Railroad Strike of 1877 to read and highlight, being able to discuss the who, what, why, and how details for the following day. 1877: The first nationwide strike stops trains across the country. Public Libraries of Massachusetts Date: 1915 Author: George Hartnell Bartlett Dwnld: Full Size (15mb) Print Availability: See our Prints Page for more details pff This map isn't part of any series, but we have other Massachusetts maps that you might want to check out. "--Page [13] of guide. Source: Artstor. Learn history 1877 to present with free interactive flashcards. On July 16, railroad workers in Martinsburg, West Virginia, walked off the job to protest a 10 percent wage cut leveled by their employer, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year. The B&O Railroad, based in Baltimore, Maryland,. Milan, Ohio. Includes primary sources, a listing of relevant national history standards, and additional resources. Epic railroad strike remembered with new Camden Yards plaque. Federal troops were used in the great Railroad Strikes of 1877 and 1894, for instance. Three Primary Source Documents on: The Pullman Strike United States Strike Commission: LOSSES AND CRIMES DURING THE PULLMAN DISPUTE ACCORDING to the testimony the railroads lost in property destroyed, hire of United States deputy marshals, and other incidental expenses, at least $685,308. The viewer's guide contains background information on issues raised by the documentary as well as additional primary source materials for use in the classroom. El Paso’s salt mines, located about a hundred miles east of the city, had long been used by local Indians and Chicanos. The copper companies refused all I. 100 dead and millions of dollars lost in damaged/stolen property. The third section investigates the aftermath of the Great Strike. It authorized the Union Pacific Railroad to build westward from the Missouri River to the California boundary or until it met the Central Pacific Railroad. Wikiquote:Transwiki/American History Primary Sources Labor and Working Conditions. Through a step-by-step process, students will acquire the skills to analyze any primary or secondary source material. Louis Action Research Project. Primary sources enable researchers to discover as accurately as possible what actually happened during a particular historical event or time period. Share Railroad Strike of 1877 The Panic of 1877, a national economic recession, had a disastrous effect on the earnings of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Finish Presidency Charts Jan 25 Primary Source Activity Jan 29 Industrialization Video w/ notes. A summary of The Labor Movement: 1866-1894 in History SparkNotes's The Gilded Age & the Progressive Era (1877-1917). Annotated Bibliography of Selected Sources in the Gilded Age, 1877-1900 by Dylan Koenig Primary Sources: American Railroad Journal, "The Recent Railroad Damage. By 1892, unions had been formed (Gardner p. When the strike reached Chicago, workers in other industries quit work in solidarity with the railroaders. that led to a decade of mounting frustration by the workers. After Vanderbilt’s success in the investment of railroads, other executives seeking for prosperity follows his path. Following pay cuts, the strike begins on the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) line at Camden Junction, Maryland; additional strikes will follow, lasting a month. The railroad was good because it greatly benefited America economically. on a group of marching workers, killing 25. Survey of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, a series of violent rail strikes across the United States. Louis Re-chartered. Jobs Jobs home UK International Australia Primary / Elementary Secondary / High school Careers advice Tes for schools. History of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Overview "The Great Railroad Strike of 1877" Numerous primary documents Youtube video Even more primary documents. Writing Assessment Rubric – Essay on the Causes and Consequences of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Excellent Good Fair Needs Work Content/Focus Writing shows a well-reasoned perspective and thorough understanding of the events of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. interstate commerce. Digital History ID 3189. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. 1865 East St. Great rail road strike of 1877. How did Theodore Roosevelt view the coal miners’ strike of 1902?. This site explores the history of railroads, telegraphs, and technologies in the nineteenth century, especially the era of the Civil War. from JSTOR. 07/16/1877: Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Following pay cuts, the first major interstate strike -- the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 -- begins on the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) line at Camden Junction, Maryland; additional strikes will follow, lasting a month. The strike was an intensely bitter battle between workers and company management, as well as between two major characters, George Pullman, owner of the company making railroad passenger cars, and Eugene V. The strikes eventually erupted into riots in Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Chicago and St. History after 1877 Primary sources from the Great Depression and New Deal. That year, mired in the stagnant economy that followed the bursting of the railroads' financial bubble in 1873, rail lines slashed workers' wages (even, workers complained, as they reaped enormous government subsidies and paid shareholders lucrative stock dividends). It authorized the Union Pacific Railroad to build westward from the Missouri River to the California boundary or until it met the Central Pacific Railroad. Individual names can be used to search for both- either as author (for primary sources) or subject (secondary sources). The Great Railroad Strike Of 1877 837 Words | 4 Pages. Key words: Pullman, strike, Labor, employers, workers, union. Compare and contrast the organization, leadership, membership [especially the role of women] and programs of the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor. Louis Re-chartered. It was helpful to read this book to understand the intensity of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 from an eyewitness view. I constantly search various sources - especially Ancestry. The water-power plant of 1000 HP was located at the “Big Dam” on the Schuylkill River, below Reading. Workers grumbled about the loss of income in small groups, and by the end of the day railroad firemen began walking off the job. where citizens were shot 28th St and Upper Round House, citizens shot here. I saw the topic The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and the American Labor Movement and realized it was similar to my topic and combined the two together. Read More. The Union Pacific Railroad had cut wages, yet through the aggressive leadership of Joseph R. Originally known as the History of Engineering Program, an interdisciplinary endeavor founded at Texas Tech University in 1970, the Center for History of Engineering and Technology conducts research programs that effect the identification, inventory and documentation of historic engineering sites and structures, city and county-wide historic building surveys, and. After Vanderbilt’s success in the investment of railroads, other executives seeking for prosperity follows his path. Railroad Strike of 1877 By Patrick Grubbs The first nationwide strike in the United States occurred in the summer of 1877 as rail workers and their supporters throughout the nation protested conditions under corporate control. These excerpts, organized chronologically, report on conflicts with Native Americans, the. gov/teachers Detroit Publishing Company Built in America Additional Resources Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers at the Library of Congress Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works National Child Labor. Get the best books, eBooks, articles, media and open access sources on American History 1877-1890. history, railroad strike and boycott that severely disrupted rail traffic in the Midwest in June and July of 1894. demands, using the war effort as justification. Workers were on strike and more than half the nation freight stopped running during the strikes. Visit Biography. Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa; October 20. This was the year of the Great Railroad Strike, but Bellesiles also considers the impact of the disputed 1876 presidential election, the end of Reconstruction, economic depression, battles between the army and Plains Indians, and entrepreneurial events such as the forming of the Bell Telephone Association. In Pittsburgh, militia bayoneted and fired on rock-throwing strikers, killing 20 people and wounding 29 others. Workers for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on strike, because the company had reduced workers' wages twice over the previous year. It affected the economic system which saw many developed nations experience a transition from mercantile to industrial commercialism; this meant that a. history, railroad strike and boycott that severely disrupted rail traffic in the Midwest in June and July of 1894. ) Related primary source collections highlighted on the TPS-Barat Primary Source Nexus are linked to below. Leach published the Vallejo Evening Chronicle from 1867-1886 and the Oakland Enquirer from 1886-1898. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 heralded a new era of labor conflict in the United States. CN is your complete transportation and logistics solution. —Charles Crocker, Superintendent of tho Central Pacific Railroad, who returnad last night from the work at Summit and Truckee River, reports that with exception of one or two gangs, all the Chinamen have resumed work. Freight and some passenger traffic that covered 50,000mi was stopped for over a week. • Railroad Strike of 1877 • Henry George • James G. 1/29 Industrialization Statistics (25 pts. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in response to the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cutting wages of workers for the third time in a year. To show support, Debs called for the members of the American Railway Union to refrain from operating any trains that used Pullman cars. Report of the President and Managers of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Co. "The Great Insurrection. o Strikers disrupted rail service from Baltimore to St. “Destruction of the Union Depot,” Classroom. At the high school level, Indiana’s academic standards for social studies provide standards for specific courses that focus on. ) Read the section(s) concerning the Strike of 1877. Haymarket Square Riot: 100,000 workers rioted in Chicago. American History 1877-1900, The Gilded Age & Industry Great for History 1302. Designed by Niernsee and Neilson with contributions by architect Joseph F. CN is your complete transportation and logistics solution. The state militia was called in, and then federal troops were needed to break the strike. In this assessment, students evaluate an excerpt of an 1877 newspaper article about railroad strikes in Columbus, Ohio. Choose from 500 different sets of history 1877 to present flashcards on Quizlet. 1876-1877: Ten Molly Maguire leaders tried and executed. Includes primary sources, a listing of relevant national history standards, and additional resources. The strikes affected the economy since most industries were reliant on railroads to transport goods. Another basic aspect of working conditions is exposure to the weather. He had accumulated the largest fortune in the U. Hayes faced the largest labor strike in U. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. The World Wide Web site provides a collection of primary source materials shedding light upon these and other important episodes in this era of Illinois history. use complete sentences 2. That year, mired in the stagnant economy that followed the bursting of the railroads' financial bubble in 1873, rail lines slashed workers' wages (even, workers complained, as they reaped enormous government subsidies and paid shareholders lucrative stock dividends). Debs did not play any role in the strike. The railroad network itself insured that sympathizers stretched beyond the state of West Virginia, and strikes later broke out in Illinois , Indiana , Kentucky , and Pennsylvania. (Use ONLY a textbook; do NOT use a search engine on the Internet to do this part of the activity. December 3, 1877: First Annual Message Transcript With devout gratitude to the bountiful Giver of All Good, I congratulate you that at the beginning of your first regular session you find our country blessed with health and peace and abundant harvests, and with encouraging prospects of an early return of general prosperity. To understand how right-to-work laws stand in deadly opposition to union solidarity, look back on the violent industrial era that began with the bloody railroad strike of 1877 and extended well into the 20 th century. The 1,410 sq. The American Railway Union's unsuccessful strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company in 1894 left many workers without jobs. The strikes affected the economy since most industries were reliant on railroads to transport goods. " Railroads and the Making of Modern. Great Railroad Strike, 1877 is a photograph by Granger which was uploaded on July 1st, 2012. Strike The Tent Tries Twitter I have decided to try this Twitter thing for a while and see if it helps bring readers to the site. The Interstate Commerce Act addressed the problem of railroad monopolies by setting guidelines for how the railroads could do business. This railroad strike gave them the ability to control Russians means of communication. “Destruction of the Union Depot,” Classroom. What came to be known as The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia. George Pullman is infamous for being the mastermind behind building lavish sleeping cars for the railroad industry, but most people are not aware that he was also a developer of a model working community. This 1877 protest, which grew out of workers' increasing discontent, was the country's first nationwide strike. This site explores the history of railroads, telegraphs, and technologies in the nineteenth century, especially the era of the Civil War. Background: This source is from a larger damage assessment of a labor strike that was conducted against the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad in several locations in Maryland and West Virginia in 1877. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States and ended some 45 days later after it was put down by local and state militias, and federal troops. Stanford’s Beyond the Bubble. Find archives for Chicago Tribune, The Chicago Weekly Tribune,. Rutherford B. Primary Sources. Fearing increased labor violence, which began with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, and a political crisis in confidence in the Republican Congress, who took the blame for the downturn, federal troops were redeployed closer to the nation's industrial center and far from Southern blacks in 1877. (Use ONLY a textbook; do NOT use a search engine on the Internet to do this part of the activity. My teacher does not want us to use Wikipedia since the information changes too much. Ammon compares the Railroad Strike of 1877 with the Homestead Strike of 1892. The strikes and the. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. View Kathy Norris, CIR’S profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. The Panic of 1873 is followed by several years of economic hard times. Georgia's first railroad tracks were laid in the mid-1830s on routes leading from Athens, Augusta, Macon, and Savannah. Harper's Weekly reported on the progress of the transcontinental railroad throughout its construction. The worst railroad violence was in Pittsburgh, with over 40 people killed by militia men. The Pullman Strike of 1894 - Prof. (For background information, check the bibliographic records for dates then review the relevant sections of the American Memory timeline. Strike The Tent Tries Twitter I have decided to try this Twitter thing for a while and see if it helps bring readers to the site. In April 2014 a team of Stanford University researchers traveled from Palo Alto to Sacramento to view and catalogue a large cache of payroll records from the Central Pacific Railroad Company. All information for Great Railroad Strike of 1877's wiki comes from the below links. The viewer's guide contains background information on issues raised by the documentary as well as additional primary source materials for use in the classroom. After the Civil War, industrialists engaged in an enormous rail building program. This site explores the history of railroads, telegraphs, and technologies in the nineteenth century, especially the era of the Civil War. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began in the month of July and started off in a town called Martinburg which was located in the state of West Virginia. View the answer now. In some cities, especially St. If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record. On Pensacola & Atlantic R. The History of the Standard Oil Company. We now have many primary source documents that we can use to ask questions and make judgements about this period in. 23 For most workers, this represented a. The great railroad strike, 1877 - Howard Zinn Howard Zinn's short history of the biggest industrial dispute in American history by that time, shutting down half the country's rail network. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 About This Packet/Notes for Educators. By using newspapers written and published at the time events occur, readers experience the emotion and the events as they unfold, without the filter of time and changing perspective. " Railroads and the Making of Modern. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in response to the cutting of wages for the third time in a year by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O). The editorial that follows, which appeared in the New York Independent, condemned the strike even more strongly. Similar episodes occurred more frequently in the following decades. The third section investigates the aftermath of the Great Strike. Digitized Collections of primary sources While this site links many primary source materials organized by topic or chronology on other pages, here I will begin to list sites with significant amounts of digitized on-line materials. In response the St. A summary of The Labor Movement: 1866-1894 in History SparkNotes's The Gilded Age & the Progressive Era (1877-1917). Labor reformer George E. Soon other B & O units joined the Martinsburg strike. , last Sunday. was launched in response to a wage cut. It was the first national strike, stretching from Atlantic to Pacific. Meddaugh (1893) --The antistrike provisions of the Railroad (Cummins) Bill. Tour the president’s 31-room Victorian mansion, see his tomb, visit the newly renovated museum, explore the library and walk the mile of paved trails. The consummation of what has become known as the Compromise of 1877 cleared the way for final resolution of the presidential contest. By 1900, America produced one-third of the world's goods. Workers for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on strike, because the company had reduced workers' wages twice over the previous year. --The history of a peaceful revolution / by Clare Lacombe (1886) --The communist and the railway / [William Mason Grosvenor] (The International review, v. I'm Richard Rael. Consists of a series of stereoview cards showing the aftermath of the strike in Pittsburgh. Within a short period of time, it became an emergency situation affecting many people's lives throughout the nation. “Destruction of the Union Depot,” Classroom. Books: For any major event or social movement you will find there are both published secondary (many) and primary (fewer) sources - how you search is crucial. (For background information, check the bibliographic records for dates then review the relevant sections of the American Memory timeline. ) THE MAKING OF A NATION – a program in Special English by the Voice of America. gov/teachers Detroit Publishing Company Built in America Additional Resources Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers at the Library of Congress Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works National Child Labor. The word strike seems to be on everyone’s lips these days. The Strike Spreads. After being president, Hayes retired to Fremont, Ohio where he would die of a heart attack on January 17, 1893. began in the West and spread east. Since then he has written The Movement: The New Left and (with Debi Unger) The Vulnerable Years, Turning Point: 1968, The Best of Intentions (about the Great Society), LBJ: A Life, The Guggenheims, A Family History. On July 13, 1877, right after the Baltimore and Ohio Company cut wages by ten percent again forty workers walked out of the job. The second section explores the strike itself, which began on July 16, 1877, and quickly spread along railroad lines. • How and to what extent various labor groups demonstrated and benefited from union tactics during the 19th Century (e. This Document, The Pacific Railway Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on July 1, 1862. 00 each to vote for the new name. We begin with some examples of his low profile to underscore the points we will be making in this paper. " Digital History, from the University of Houston, the Gilder Lehrman Center for American History, the National Park Service, et al. It will be made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number. But whereas the Pullman Strike and the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 have, as Case points out, received plenty of scholarly attention in recent years, the Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 1886 has not been the subject of a book-length monograph since Ruth Allen's The Great Southwest Strike (1942). By using newspapers written and published at the time events occur, readers experience the emotion and the events as they unfold, without the filter of time and changing perspective. Although by the 1870s labor unions were retreating from using strikes as a weapon, that decade witnessed a series of strikes that were unprecedented in size and violence. The Great Strike of 1877 was one of the largest and most violent urban uprisings in American history. * Six hanged in Pottsville, and four in Mauch Chunk (since renamed as Jim Thorpe). 21 The only major group of railroad workers with an established brotherhood, the engineers, attempted a strike in February 1876 in response to a ten percent pay cut. Choose from 500 different sets of 1877 present united flashcards on Quizlet. The strike was precipitated by an overinvestment in railroads and the poor economic conditions for most of the previous decade. Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres; November 1. Dunphy to build a mansion for his family at 1729 S. The consummation of what has become known as the Compromise of 1877 cleared the way for final resolution of the presidential contest. The workers at Pullman held out to the end. , on sheet 62 x 71 cm. The Democratic Campaign books consist largely of speeches and articles written by party leaders which reflect the party's position on the issues of that particular campaign year. Built between 1856 and 1857 at a cost of $600,000, Camden Station is a grand reminder of the long history of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Baltimore. Railroad workers went on strike to protest wage cuts. 4 (1999), 38-47 ,. In some places, notably St. The strikes and the. Views: The 1877 Railroad Strike. These troops suppressed strike after strike, until at last, approximately 45 days after it had started, the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was over. Detailed use of specific primary source material to explain the. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began in the month of July and started off in a town called Martinburg which was located in the state of West Virginia. Much of this was funded through shaky and corrupt means, leading to the Panic of 1873. Writing Assessment Rubric – Essay on the Causes and Consequences of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Excellent Good Fair Needs Work Content/Focus Writing shows a well-reasoned perspective and thorough understanding of the events of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The Martinsburg strike might have gone down in history as one of many small local strikes put down by force, but this time the strike spread. It was triggered after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad cut wages for the third time in a year. For one week in late July of 1877, America shook with anger and fear as a variety of urban residents, mostly working class, attacked railroad property in dozens of towns and cities. Primary sources enable researchers to discover as accurately as possible what actually happened during a particular historical event or time period. Amsco Term Quiz Study Guide. Camden Station. These troops suppressed strike after strike, until at last, approximately 45 days after it had started, the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was over. Fearing increased labor violence, which began with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, and a political crisis in confidence in the Republican Congress, who took the blame for the downturn, federal troops were redeployed closer to the nation's industrial center and far from Southern blacks in 1877. Government addresses corruption in business, and laborers organize for better working conditions. Production soared: by 1913, US produced 1/3 of world's industrial output -- more than Britain, France, and Germany combined. In one of the more controversial events of the strike, Chicago police raided the West Side Turner Hall where Czech woodworkers had gathered to discuss. The great railroad strike, 1877 - Howard Zinn Howard Zinn's short history of the biggest industrial dispute in American history by that time, shutting down half the country's rail network. Workers' rights and labor relations have been shaped by wars, depressions, government policies, and global competition. Railroad workers paid $5. Southern states had blocked westward rail expansion before 1860, but after secession the The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 was finally passed by Congress. Heer Printing Company, 1924. Out of the hundreds of strikes during. Why did the AFL succeed, while the Knights of Labor disappeared by the end of the 19c? 9. The strike began on July 17th, 1877 in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Pullman Strikes Out as a Model Town: Publications by the Industrial Workers of the World (University of Arizona Library) The Railroad Strike of 1877 (Historical Society of Berks County, PA) Religion and the Founding of America. Railroad Strike of 1877 In late July of 1877, Chicagoans played their part in the first nationwide uprising of workers. American Issues: A Primary Source Reader in United States History, Volume 2, 5th Edition The Railroad Strike of 1877 , The Sources of Soviet Conduct. Wright The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. December 3, 1877: First Annual Message Transcript With devout gratitude to the bountiful Giver of All Good, I congratulate you that at the beginning of your first regular session you find our country blessed with health and peace and abundant harvests, and with encouraging prospects of an early return of general prosperity. Two Strike figured prominently in the history of the Brules in the late 19th century. The Strike of 1877, also known as 'The Great Strike' took place on railroads across the nation. Its relations with railroads, its large capital and surplus, its complete and well-located plant and efficient management enable it at all times to meet all. American history and world history can be found at historycental- History's home on the web. History of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Overview "The Great Railroad Strike of 1877" Numerous primary documents Youtube video Even more primary documents. Workers at the Pullman factory on what became the Far Southeast Side of Chicago walked off the job on this date, and, in the protracted strike that followed, one man's dream of a better tomorrow. This is a part of the Great Railroad Strike in 1877. In some places, notably St. Genealogical notes with birth and marriage dates, newspaper clippings, commission as Supreme Court of Appeals judge, and one Westel Willoughby letter in William F. For the first five, OLMS requires unions to provide detailed information on any recipient that received more than $5,000 per year. Hayes calls in Federal troops to break the strike. 5 million barrels. Read More » Labor History: The Great Strike of 1877. Prairie Ave. Responding to layoffs, wage cuts, and firings, workers at Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago went on strike, and, eventually, some 125,000–250,000 railroad workers in 27 states joined their cause, stifling the national rail network west of. The Protectors of Our Industries. Railroad Strike of 1877 By Patrick Grubbs The first nationwide strike in the United States occurred in the summer of 1877 as rail workers and their supporters throughout the nation protested conditions under corporate control. Willoughby Papers, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va. The World Wide Web site provides a collection of primary source materials shedding light upon these and other important episodes in this era of Illinois history. 5,000 in 1876. What came to be known as The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Railroad workers went on strike to protest wage cuts. interstate commerce. 17-1 Carnegie Wealth (practice AP and ACT Style Questions) a part of the Chapter 17 Vocab Quiz. Jobs Jobs home UK International Australia Primary / Elementary Secondary / High school Careers advice Tes for schools. Their bosses may have been comfortably warm in the winter and cool in the summer, but the workers were not. The 1,410 sq. ), Industrialization and Labor (Lecture) and The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 (Primary Source) 1/31 Paper work day/reading guide day ; 2/5 Labor Unions post 1877; 2/10 Labor Unions post 1877 and Responses to Industrialization; 2/12Urbanization Lecture ; 2/19 TBA Populism Primary Source and Lecture. "the cigar-makers' strike. Railroad workers paid $5. The word strike seems to be on everyone’s lips these days. 8 billion was spent on capital improvements, both to replace worn-out facilities and rolling stock as well to expand transit systems and services. A genius in the practical application of scientific principles, Edison was one of the greatest and most productive inventors of his time, but his formal schooling was limited to three months in Port Huron, Mich. Debs did not play any role in the strike. Picturing burnt machinery and twisted debris, Albee documented the local aftermath of what scholars consider the first national labor action in the United States - the Great Railroad Strike of 1877.